Peñas del Arcipreste de Hita
It is located near Puerto de los Leones, Las Peñas del Arcipreste de Hita is a field of granite stones. Curious forms have been dedicated to the writer who wrote the Libro del Buen Amor over 600 years ago. This tribute has been paid to the author because of the several paths of Madrid that were described in this masterpiece.
It is the rooftop of the Sierra de Guadarrama, where the most incredible alpine relieves of the entire Central Mountain range can be found. The summit of Peñalara is located at 2.430 meters above sea level and is considered the highest summit in the Region. In Peñalara one can easily observe the shape of the last glacial period. Glacier cirques of Laguna Negra, Pepe Hernando, Regajo de la Pedriza and the Brezal.As for the flora it has brushwood and extensive grasslands. The common salamander, the blue breast birds and the red rock birds from the fauna.
Cuenca alta del Manzanares
This park houses the headwaters of the Manzanares River, the Pedriza, the mountain of Hoyo del Manzanares, the reservoir of Santillana and el Soto de Viñuelas.
The Pedriza is one of the most spectacular landscapes in the Region of Madrid and one of the best granite fields on the peninsula. Apart from the strange forms of the granite stone blocks, the Pedriza is covered with brushwood of rockrose, rosemary and thyme.
The Sierra de Hoyo de Manzanares is a good example of a mount-isle. The reservoir of Santillana also stands out and it’s located near Manzanares del Real. It’s a refuge for various types of ducks, as well as coots, grebes and storks that fly over the place during the summer.
Hayedo del Monte Chaparral- Montejo de la Sierra.
The Hayedo de Montejo de la Sierra together with the Hayedos de Beceite and the Peña de Francia, is the southern limit for beech Word in Spain. In this territory you can find trout and otters, as well as badgers and boards. The Resource Center of the High Mountains organizes guided trips through the forest.
Laguna de San Juan
This lagoon feeds off the waters of the Aquifer and off a small near by springs. There are starlings, ducks, royal ducks and eaglets.
El Encinar de Boadilla del Monte
New town developments in the outskirts of the city have caused the disappearance of the original landscape of the Castilian plateau, although pine trees continue to grow thanks to reforestation. In terms of fauna, there are rabbits, hares, wood pigeons, voles, owls and grackles.
Sierra de Robledo de Chavela
Al one point in time Helm-oak trees covered this area, but unfortunately they have declined in number, however the pine grove has grown thanks to the reforestation as for the fauna there are goshawks, foxes and owls.
Cerro de San Pedro
The Cerro de San Pedro is the most important elevation in the Guadarrama Mountains Range, although the Helm-oak trees and the forest have been severely damaged by men kind. The rabbit and the small lizard represent the fauna.
Sierra de La Cabrera
It is formed by about five kilometres of mountainous terrain with pine groves, oak meadows and Holm oaks on the hillsides.
The thickness of the brush wood gives shelter to the fox, the hare, the weasel, the rabbit and the numerous reptiles, like the viper or the stairway snake. Among the birds the Royal kite , the owl or the nightingale are the outstanding ones.
Pinar de Abantos and La Herrería
This place is the municipal area of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. In the pine grove we can see examples of junipers, wild chestnut trees, oaks, maples, ash-trees and white pines. The Forest of Herrería has an asphalt path with informative signs to facilitate travelling the route.
Sierra Norte of Madrid
It offers places of great ecological and scenic value with mountainous areas, meadows, forest and valleys. Here many outdoor sport activities can be practiced. Among these areas it is necessary to mention: the Valley de Lozoya, La Sierra del rincón, the Sierra de la Cabrera and the Valle del Jarama.
Monte de El Pardo
This natural space is located on the banks of the River Manzanares. From the times of King Enrique the 2nd, it has been used as a game preserve and nowadays it is a natural park that shelters numerous autochthonous species.
Mar de Ontígola
It is located three kilometres from Aranjuez and is the perfect habitat for many kinds of migratory birds like the grebe, the silbon and the wild duck.
Southeast Regional Park
It includes the towns of Mejorada del Campo, arganda, San Martin de la Vega, Titulcia, Ciempozuelos, Aranjuez, Velilla San Antonio, Chinchón, Rivas-Vaciamadrid and Mejorada del Campo. Here numerous species of birds can be seen.